Pronunciation Guide

The following are the most commonly heard sounds of Umonhon and their orthographic (written) representation.

Letter Umonhon example English example
a sk (white) father
b biamá (they say) boy
ch chéshka (short) church
chʰ íⁿchʰoⁿ (right now) church
d dúba (four) dog
e sh (apple) weight, Las Vegas
ɛ hɛ (louse) bet
ɛⁿ hithɛⁿkithe (hurry) hen
g goⁿ (like that) girl
h huhú (fish) high
i n (water) radio
in wíⁿ (one) mean (with a soft n)
j júba (a little bit) judge
k ké (turtle) skate
aí (I return home) key
m mí (sun) man
n nú (man) no
on óⁿba (day) yawn (with a soft n)
p pá (nose) spit
óⁿ oⁿ (elk) pot
s sábe (black) sun
sh shé (apple) ship
t té (bison) stop
a í (I'm here) top
th tháwa (to count) that
u t (blue) blue
w waʔú (woman) wing
x xubé (holy) Bach (voiceless, raspy)
gh, ğ ğáge (cry, weep) Bach (voiced, soft)
z zí (yellow) zoo
zh zhíⁿga (small) beige
ʔ tʔé (dead) uh-oh (glottal stop)

This UNL list is a work in progress. We are continuing to explore the modern Omaha sound system. We are trying to reflect the current spelling protocols at Umónhoⁿ Nation Public School at Macy, Nebraska.

Marking stress on the correct syllable is very important in Umónhoⁿ. Moving the accent mark can change the meaning of the word. For example: bthítube — "I pinch," becomes bthitúbe — "I chop," while wáthathe — "table," becomes watháthe — "food."